

Number systems and codes : Binary, Octal
and Hexadecimal number systems. Conversion from any base to another base number
system. Binary, BCD, Excess3, Alphanumeric, EBCDIC, Hollerith, ASCII codes,
code conversion, error detecting and correcting codes, parity and Hamming codes. Binary Arithmetic : Basic rules for
addition and multiplication. Sign magnitude notation, Ones complement notation.
Twos complement notation. Addition and multiplication using binary, octal and
hexadecimal number systems. Boolean Algebra and Logic Gates: Boolean
algebra theorems, reduction of logic expressions using boolean algebra, truth
tables, minterms, maxterms, SOP and POS forms. Standard SOP and POS forms. Basic
and universal logic gates, control aspect of gates, enabling and disabling of
gates. K map representation of logical functions,simplification of logic
functions using Kmaps upto 6 variables. Quine McCluskey method and Veitch
diagrams used for logic function reduction. Combinational Logic Circuits : Concepts of
combinational and sequential logic circuits. Realisation of following circuits
using gates.: ( a ) Systems implementing combinational logic. ( b ) Arithmetic circuits, half and full adders,
subtractors, multipliers, code converters, parity generators, parity checkers,
comparators. ( c ) Multiplexers, demultiplexers, encoder,
decoder. ( d ) Concept of mode control ( e ) Application of MSI devices for multiplexer,
demultiplexer / decoder, parity generator / checker, concept of capacity
expansion using gates. Use of MSI devices for adders, Sequential adder, BCD
adder / subtractor, carry look ahead adder, multiplier, fast multipliers,
Arithmetic Logic Unit ( ALU ) Sequential Circuits :
( a ) Concept of Synchronous and Asynchronous operation. ( b ) Flip Flops : Basic cell, SR , clocked SR, D,
T , JK, JK with preset and clear, Master Slave JK flip flops. Concept of
level triggering and edge triggering , flip flop excitation tables, triggering
and timing of flip flops. ( c ) Registers : Shift registers, bidirectional,
serial to parallel, parallel to serial conversion. ( d ) Analysis of clocked sequential circuits. ( e ) Asynchronous counters : updown counters,
modulo N counter, glitch problem. ( f ) Synchronous counters : Use of K maps for synchronous counters, ring counters, twisted ring counters, counters using shift registers, sequence generators using flip flops. 
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