Systems
Approach to analysis and design.

**Classification
of systems :** classical and
modern approach, Monte Carlo method and its simple applications.

Review
of probability theory, conditional probability, probability distributions,
expected value, failure mechanisms, failure rates, reliability engineering, Mean
Time Before Failure, methods of improving reliability, redundancy. Evaluation of
alternatives and elements of decision theory.

**Sensitivity
:** Tellegens theorem.
Applications, sensitivity of network variables to network parameters. Adjoint
networks for simple networks including dependent current sources and voltage
sources. Sensitivity calculations.

**Design
Theory :** Elements of
Optimisation by linear programming, Simplex method and applications to simple
problems, transportation problems and simple applications.