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Applied Chemistry 1

Water : Impurities in water and their effects on quality, hardness and estimation of hardness by soap and EDTA methods, problems based on determination of hardness, softening of water, methods of softening: lime soda, permutit and ion exchange methods, calculation of requirement of softening reagents, boiler feed water, boiler problems and methods of rectification, industrial uses of water.

Refractories : Definition, criteria of good refractories, classification of refractories ,properties, testing and failure of refractories, glass, manufacture and properties, types of glass.

Polymers : Classification of polymers, types of polymerization, methods of polymerization, classification of plastics, compounding of plastics, fabrication of plastics, industrial uses of plastics, manufacture, properties and uses of polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, phenol formaldehyde and urea fomaldehyde.

Lubricants : Definition and function ,classification: solid, semisolid, blended and synthetic lubricants. purification and refining of lubricants from mineral oils, mechanism of lubrication, physical and chemical testing of lubricants, testing of lubricants.

Elastomers : Natural rubber, its drawbacks, vulcanisation and its effects upon properties, compounding of rubber, synthetic rubber: nitrile, neopropene, polyurethane, silicon and styrene rubber. Industrial uses of rubber and recovery of rubber from waste.

Pollution and Pollution Control : Atmospheric pollution, nature of pollutants, their effects and methods to reduce atmospheric pollution. water pollution, nature of pollutants, their effects and methods to reduce water pollution.

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